Agreement between Canada and the United States Respecting Unemployment Insurance

Canada and the United States have a longstanding agreement that governs the payment of unemployment insurance benefits for workers who have worked in both countries. The Agreement between Canada and the United States Respecting Unemployment Insurance has been in effect since 1981 and has served to facilitate the payment of benefits to eligible workers.

The purpose of the agreement is to ensure that workers who have worked in both countries receive fair and equal treatment when it comes to unemployment insurance benefits. Under the agreement, workers who have worked in one country may be eligible for benefits in the other country, subject to certain conditions and requirements.

One of the key provisions of the agreement is the requirement that workers must have worked in both countries in order to be eligible for benefits. This means that workers who have only worked in one country or the other are not eligible for benefits under the agreement. Additionally, workers must meet certain other criteria, such as having worked a minimum number of weeks or hours in each country, in order to qualify for benefits.

Another important aspect of the agreement is the coordination of benefits between the two countries. Under the agreement, if a worker is eligible for benefits in both countries, the two countries will coordinate their payments so that the worker does not receive more than they would have received if they were only eligible in one country. This helps to prevent duplicate payments and ensure that workers receive the appropriate amount of benefits.

The agreement also provides for the transfer of unemployment insurance credits between the two countries. This means that if a worker has worked in one country and then moves to the other country, the credits they earned in the first country can be transferred to the second country and used to determine their eligibility for benefits.

Overall, the Agreement between Canada and the United States Respecting Unemployment Insurance is an important tool for ensuring that workers who have worked in both countries receive fair and equal treatment when it comes to unemployment insurance benefits. By providing for coordination of benefits and the transfer of credits, the agreement helps to ensure that workers receive the benefits they are entitled to under the law.